INDIAN SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE GALLERY

This exhibition documents the time travel through the 4500 years of glorious tradition and culture of Indian science. Visitors can see why and how the science was an important preoccupation of ancient Indians. We can find the shades of twentieth century thinking in the ancient Sanskrit texts in which concepts of matter, atomism and cosmic evolution were recorded for posterity. Basics of mathematics, astronomy, geometry, algebra, and numbers (both very large and very small that were part of Indian cultural life since thousands of years) are depicted using interactive presentations and visual panels. Some of the most basic discoveries in these areas like mathematics, medicine, astronomy, natural sciences, art & craft etc., made in India, were contemporary to the best in the world.
It was in India that the concept of zero gained meaning. The concepts of powers of ten, the golden rule of three, how to calculate square and cube roots that were worked out around 1500 years ago, were depicted through interactive exhibits.
The stars had a special message for Indian astronomers. The concept of constellations, motion of the Moon and Sun are presented in the gallery in interactive form. Visitors can see JantarMantar, a cluster of huge masonry observatories created by Sawai Jai Singh II for tracking celestial movements, can be seen and explored as to how the calculations were made using them.
Traditional Indian medicinal systems like Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita and AshtangaHridaya are also explained in the exhibition. Visitors can also see how the shapes of surgical tools of Sushruta look like and their similarities with jaws and beaks of various birds and animals.
India is known for exquisite arts and handicrafts, whose glimpses can be seen at this exhibition.